So you have decided to go somewhere hotter than usual for holidays this year. That can be a very good thing as when used responsibly, sunlight can be good for the skin and the soul. However, if you choose to go somewhere very hot, there are things you should be aware of.
Exposure to extreme heat can bring on sickness and even more serious consequences for some. Luckily, there are a number of steps to take in order to protect not only yourself but your nearest and dearest too.
As humans, we need to keep our temperature around 35.5 to 37.5°C. This provides protection to some very sensitive bodily organs. It can also promote normal function of the body’s systems. We produce heat as a result of the internal metabolic process within and the immediate environment. Heat is transmitted through our skin by radiation and sweating.
Your experience of high temperatures can be greatly improved by changing our behaviour. We can do such things as staying in the shade, visiting places with air-conditioning and we can use fans to move the air around us. Incidentally, if you were ever to wanted to start a career somewhere very hot, starting an air conditioning company would be a wise move. You would never go out of business!
Heat sickness can occur when heat intake is more than we are able to expel. Such illness can range in severity. From mild, such as cramps to dangerous and potentially life-threatening conditions like heat stroke.
The people at the highest risk of heat sickness are those aged 65 years and above. Babies and children, women who are pregnant and mothers who breastfeed are also at risk. Also, people who find it difficult to communicate, move around or are confined to their bed are all at risk. This is mainly as they need others to fulfil basic tasks.
Ways to Protect Yourself.
The following list contains things we can do to help ourselves reduce the risk of illness during intense heat.
Keep in contact with family and friends, they could be a lifeline;
Remain hydrated – drink lots of liquids even if you don’t need a drink, taking little drinks regularly. Avoid alcohol and keep tea and coffee to a minimum as they are diuretics.
Keep away from the sun! More so at the hottest times of day, and perform necessary outdoor tasks early in the morning.
Be sure to use an air-conditioning unit, if possible. Reducing temperature in a single room is cheaper and much easier than bringing the temperature down in the whole house.
If you have no access to air-conditioning, organise a visit to a cooler place. Set off as early as you can in order to avoid moving around during periods of intense heat. This is important.
If you follow these steps, you should be safe and comfortable even in the hottest of places. Remember to check weather forecasts for hot spells and think of planning your trips around the cooler times of year.