Fishing is by far one of the most common hobbies, especially in places where it’s allowed. It is a relaxing leisure activity that also doubles up as a great way to spend time together with your loved one. For some, however, it’s more than just a pass-time activity… it’s a passion or perhaps even what puts groceries on the table. 


Whichever category you fall into, angling is a skill that requires a considerable level of knowledge and practice to master. It also requires you to have the right gear, equipment, accessories, and necessities such as baits. Whether you’re a beginner in angling or you're considering becoming a seasoned angler, this article is for you. 

Here’s what every angler needs to know before hitting the waters.


Know Your Fishing Gear

Before you hit the waters, one of the first things to do is to understand the kind of gear you need. As an angler or an aspiring one, you know that you’ll need a fishing rod, fishing reel, and fishing line. Apart from these, you’ll need a fishing hook, baits, lures, bobbers, swivels, and sinkers. Understanding the function of each of these pieces of equipment is paramount.


Most importantly, there are two types of fishing: freshwater fishing and saltwater fishing. Each of these has its type of suitable gear. In saltwater fishing, for instance, the spinning reel needs to be corrosion-resistant and durable, whereas the one for freshwater fishing may vary depending on the type of fish you’re aiming to catch. As demonstrated in the fishing rod review at, different fishing rods for saltwater and freshwater fishing exist. Being the most important piece of equipment in angling, your overall experience will depend on the fishing rod you choose. For this reason, it is important to have proper knowledge of what is required, where, and for what reason.

Master the Basics

While it can be tempting to want to catch the biggest fish in the lake on your first attempt, it’s always good to begin from the bottom and work your way up. It’s always good to take your time and master the basics in this art before you can attempt ambitious fishing. Once you learn the equipment and how to use them, learn the various angling techniques, positioning, and placement. Basically, the five methods of angling you should seek to know include:


  • Bait fishing
  • Baitcasting
  • Fly-fishing
  • Spinning
  • Trolling


Take your time during each fishing session to learn and always have your proper gear before hitting the waters.

Research on the Legal Requirements

First of all, depending on the relevant laws of your local area, you may need a fishing license before hitting the waters. Despite having the license, you will also need to know the legal limits around your fishing areas. Some areas have certain set limits regarding the perimeters of fishing. In case of any fishing rules and regulations, make sure you comply with them for easy practice. You will also need to be keen on time for areas with specific allocated times for fishing.

Environmental Reservation and Etiquette

Being aware of your environment and respecting it even makes fishing easier and the experience better. For instance, you’ll want to be responsible when it comes to waste disposal as it helps maintain the fish habitat. You should also analyze the area thoroughly so you can use the permitted fishing technique and maximize your chances of making a good catch. Learn the active fish-holding spots and master the wind patterns. Also, remember that when the breeze is strong, baitfish end up near the shore, meaning that bigger fish is present.

Learn the Water Bodies

Angling can be done in the ocean, lake, pond, or river. These are the most common types of water bodies and each body has a specific set of fish species you can find. You cannot find an ocean species in a pond and you will hardly catch a river fish species in the lake. In other words, the kind of fish you’re targeting will dictate where you should go fishing. Whichever case, dress appropriately! When fishing in cold weather, it’s advisable to put on at least 3 layers of clothing. On the other hand, it’s best to put on lighter clothing when fishing in the heat, wear sunscreen, and maybe put on some sunglasses to protect your eyes from the sun.


Angling is quite fun, especially if you manage to bring a good catch home. It’s also more enjoyable when done in the company of people you care about as it creates an opportunity to strengthen bonds. With the above few tips, you can have fun angling while maximizing your catch, staying safe, complying with the law, and protecting the environment.

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